21.47.105.1; 21.48.111; 21.1181; 21.3684

21.47.105.1

21.47.105.1

21.48.111

21.48.111

21.1181

21.1181

21.3684

21.3684

Hanging Offering Vessels: Middle Classic to Low Imperial

The introduction of copper is not the only evidence of foreign contacts with Ephemera.  These hanging offering Vessels are a rare occurrence of Near Eastern elements in the Ephemerean material culture, which is known for its conservatism.   These examples  are thought to be made to resemble Canaanite Amphora and other Near Eastern designs. The location of there find, the northern wall of Temple II, from which one can see the entire Seyathos Valley, was most puzzling.  By chance I ran into an old friend Dr. Fishmore who is a Nautically Archaeologist.  He explained that a ship sailing from Cyprus (the probable origin of copper imports) would first sail north then west hugging the Turkish coast, which was safer than the open sea.  The ship would then turned south to Ephemera, which would mean that the priests or worshipers at the Temple would have first seen the ship approaching from the north.  We may conclude it would seem that these vessels, made to represent pottery associated with sea travel, left as offerings facing north, were a prayer for trade ships to reappear on the horizon.  This theory is made more probable when we note that this type of vessel fades out of use during the Imperial Period, when copper became an almost daily import.

21.64

21.64

21.64

Bottel: Middle Classic (?)

As to which period this vessel comes from is any ones guess.  Found along the beach of Ephemera by the son of one of my assistants,  it has many possible dates of manufacture.   The most likely of which is Middle Classic. That would mean that it once had a copper handle now lost due to the actions of the sea.  The other possibility, proposed by its finder, is that the handle was made of rope which would have disintegrated in the sea.  This would push back its origin to the very Early Classic, making it one of the earliest example of this type found.  Until we find a smiler example in its natural context however, we can only guess.

21.09.203

21.09.203

21.09.203

Offering Bowl: Middle Classic

Ceramic bowls of this type, found in the Temple II complex of the Middle Classic Period, were used in the making of food offerings. Common  among the Seyathos Culture, this example – of Ephemerean manufacture – would have been quite familiar to its maker since this type of bowl  first appear in the Seyathos Valley a thousand years before the founding of Ephemera.  What make this example so remarkable is its copper applica- which incorporates what looks to be a brass bracelet!  This supports the theory that the Middle Classic craftsmen incorporated any metal  on hand into there often unique and playful designs.

21.09.203

21.09.203

1106

1106

1106

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites (like this example), and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them.  This example was found in one of the many out door feasting sites around Ephemera.

75.15891

75.15891

75.15891

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites, and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them. In this Example – of the early type, we see the quite confidence of the Middle Classic. This piece was found in a large cash of grave goods in the Seyathos Valley; evidence of there cross cultural prestige.

7086

7086

7086

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic or Late Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites, and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them.

Though lacking the ‘buckle’ used in the later part of the Middle Classic the curled feet have lead some to conclude that this example could be of Late Classic manufacture.   The fact that it was found in a Late Classic residence has given credence to this theory.

21.19655

21.19655

21.19655

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites (like this example) and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them.

21.19655

21.19655

21.7507

21.7507

21.7507

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites, and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them. This example was found in the Temple complex of the Middle Classic.  Its simple beauty really speaks to the skill of these early copper craftsmen.

691

691

691

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites (like this example), and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them.  The ceramic part of this delicate cup,  found in Ephemera, is of Seyathos Culture manufacture.  It is a fine example of the melding of the two cultures.

14.719 – Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

14.719

14.719

Banquet Ware: Middle Classic

Banquet Ware is a unique type of drinking cup that first appears in the Middle Classic, having three or more copper bands held fast to the clay form with a metal ring- which by the close of the Middle Classic developed a ‘buckel’- holding the bands in place.  These cups where named Banquet Ware by Dr. David Zimmerman because they were first found at sites associated with out door ritual feasting. Though examples have be found inside temple sites, and even with in huts along the Seyathos Valley. What there exact function was we cannot say but they were very popular during the Middle Classic to Late Classic until the Chalice forms of the Imperial replaced them. This example is unique in that the ring along the base was of possible foreign manufacture; leading credence to the theory that the craftsmen of Ephemera would incorporate prefabricated copper into there unique aesthetic.

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